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This is the Matariki cluster from a Te Ao Māori perspective

Waipuna-ā-rangi

Watches the skies, rains, snows, sleets which nourishes the earth and contributes to the water cycles.

Ururangi

Is the winds of N,E,S,W.

Tupu-ā-rangi

Represents cultivation from above: forests, birds, trees.matariki

Tupu-ā-nuku

Represents cultivation from the earth: kawakawa, kumara, healthy soil etc.

Waitī

Watches over the fresh water environments and everything living in it. Creaks, rivers, lakes, springs which then flow into Waitā.

Waitā

Represents the salt waters. Seas, oceans and everything living in it.

Hiwa-i-te-rangi

Is known as the wishing star. Where you cast all your dreams and hopes for the new year.

Pohutakawa

Is the star of remembering our passed ancestors. Our family and friends who have died.

Matariki

Is the mother of the cluster and encourages gathering of all people.

 

As you can see, each environmental star has a male/female adjacent. Giving a masculine and feminine balance, without one, there is no other.

 

They're also strategically placed, Waitī (freshwater) flows down from the mountains into Waitā (Saltwater) which is why the freshwater star is above the saltwater.

Waipuna-a-rangi (rain) falls from the sky but can be manipulated by Ururangi (winds).

Same can be said about Tupu-ā-rangi being above Tupu-ā-nuku.

 

Matariki symbolizes Māori new year under the Māramataka - Lunar Calendar. The more accurate than the Gregorian Calendar.

 

The word Matariki comes from Ngā Mata o te Ariki, Tāwhirimātea (The eyes of the chief, Tāwhirimātea).

Tāwhirimātea (the atua of the wind) was so upset that his parents (Ranginui and Papatuānuku) were separated by Tāne Mahuta (Atua of the forest) that he tore out his eyes and threw them into the sky, creating Matariki.

 

Matariki was also used by early Polynesian navigators to make their way across Moana-Nui-A-Kiwa (Pacific Ocean).

 

How to celebrate Matariki?

Gather your friends and whānau. Eat together. Remember those you have lost that passed year. Talk about your dreams and aspirations for the future. Get your land ready for the coming year. Go and see the cluster - best seen at sunrise.

Matariki Programmes

Please following this link to see what activities are happening at Waipawa Library.  Matariki Programming

 

Disclaimer: Some narratives will differ slightly depending on the area of tribe but these korero pertain to Tamatea CHB

Picture: Te Haunui Tuna

Book reference: Matariki TeWhetu Tapu o te Tau by Rangi Mataamua.

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